The amount of marine species that live in Cyprus are remarkably low due to various factors such as:
- Increased pollution:
From marine vehicles that contaminate the seawater and ocean sediment.
From motor vehicles that contaminate the atmosphere, which will eventually lead into the seawater as acid rain.
From locals and tourists that throw their waste such as, cigarette buts and plastic into the sea or on sandy beaches which will again eventually enter the sea from waves or wind.
Commercial and private fishing in Cyprus is very high when comparing the sea that surrounds it, to our population.
This leaves the most part of the seawater around Cyprus covered by fishing nets and long lining.
Areas that are not covered by the above fishing ways are fished by bottom trawling.
Finally, any fish that was lucky to escape will then be fished by other private fishermen, through spearfishing and rod fishing.
- Coastal Development:
Such constructions include marinas, ports, clubs, beach bars, restaurants, cafes and tourist beaches filled with hundreds of sunbeds and umbrellas.
These constructions lead to:
Excessive sedimentation that may kill developing eggs.
Sea turtle habitats being destroyed.
Sea grass meadows being removed to create open beaches.
From discharged detergents (containing phosphates) and partially treated or untreated sewage (containing nitrates and phosphates).
From excessive temperatures that help hungry algae and plankton grow and reproduce.
These lead to organic build-up that can prevent oxygen from reaching the underlying sediments and eventually lead to the formation of bacterial mats.
In Cyprus there are no coral reefs, which is the main habitat of marine species. This also leads to low dissolved oxygen levels.